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If you have chickenpox like moles on your skin then it might be a skin condition called Cherry Angioma. Additionally, it mainly is seen in adults who are in their 40s.

So, if you have moles on your skin then stick to this post, we together find whether you have or haven’t cherry angioma condition. However, with this post, we also provide you the basic causes, treatment, and diagnosis for this skin condition.

What is Cherry Angioma?

What is Cherry Angioma?

Cherry Angioma is a mole-like development over the skin surface from small blood vessels or capillaries. These are approximately one-quarter inch – 0.5 cm in diameter. Moreover, bright red or purple spots often appear on the body torso. But they can also be seen on the hands, feet, chest, and even the scalp.

And as stated earlier, they are generally seen in people who are in their forties. Generally, the other names of this skin condition are Cherry Hemangiomas, Campbell de Morgan Spots, and Senile Angioma.

Did you know? The name “Campbell de Morgan” for this skin condition is referred from the actual name of a British surgeon from the 19th century.

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What are the Causes of Cherry Angioma?

Causes of Cherry Angioma

Like most autoimmune diseases, the exact causes of cherry angioma is also unknown. In addition, age and genetic factors also play a role in the event.  However, they have also linked to:

  • Pregnancy
  • Exposure to chemicals
  • Certain medical conditions
  • Climate change

Now, let’s discuss all of them in detail.

Angiogenesis

Angiogenesis is the process of formation of new blood vessels from already existing (pre-existing) vessels.  This process is important for the treatment (healing), growth, and development of the body. 

When balance disturbs, it causes abnormal blood vessel growth.  However, it causes medical conditions, such as cancer, skin diseases, age-related blindness, diabetic wounds that heal slowly, heart disease, and stroke.

Vasculogenesis

Vasculogenesis is the process of the creation of entirely new vessels that typically occur during embryonic and fetal development.

In the later stages, these vascular tissues develop to builds the heart system with special nourish blood vessels. Sometimes, the developing cells combine with the exciting blood vessels to function properly.

Cell Aging 

In old age, skin cells become less susceptible to a heal itself, or sometimes abnormal overgrowth is seen. Thus, it causes abnormal cell aging angioma.

However, it is similar to the harmless — Strawberry Hemangioma, and often seen on newborns. But when there is a significant increase in mast cell density, it might cause cherry angioma.

Pregnancy

In pregnancy, there is a lot of condition that is generally due to hormone changes (like gestational diabetes). And in the case of cherry angioma, it can also develop in pregnant women due to their hormone change.

However, it often develops, after giving birth to a child. And by the researches, one conclusive evidence is due to the increases of prolactin hormone in women’s body that stimulates breast milk production.

Exposure to Chemicals

Certain chemicals such as mustard gas, 2-butoxyethanol, bromide, and cyclosporine can cause the abnormal development of blood vessels or capillaries.

Symptoms of Cherry Angioma

Symptoms of Cherry Angioma

The following are signs that make it easy for you to self-diagnosis whether or not, you have cherry angioma. These are:

1. Appearance: Usually, it appears as bright cherry red or purple smooth spots stick out from the skin. But when there is not much blood flow, it turns blue-black in color.

2. Location: They are mainly found in the body torso but could also be seen on the chest, arms, legs, back, or shoulders.

3. Size and shape: Small -pinhead cherry angioma size approximately one-quarter inch – 0.5 cm in diameter. As they grow, it becomes thicker and is round dome-shape.

4. Bleeding or irritation: Burning is common in cherry angioma. Bleeding can begin when these minor moles get scratched or shaved.

Risk Factors for Cherry Angioma

These are the following risk factors for Cherry Angioma: 

  • Family history of angiomas 
  • Changes in hormones such as some autoimmune response, pregnancy, or liver failure.

Diagnosis For Cherry Angioma

Diagnosis For Cherry Angioma

In general, the diagnosis of this skin condition is based on the clinical examination of these lesions mole by special skin doctor— dermatologist. Despite this, cherry angiomas may be misinterpreted with other malignant lesions such as spider angiomas.

Therefore, a dermatologist uses special equipment— dermatoscope, to check the angiomas characteristic color. So, with the characteristics color, the doctor examines the red, purple, or blue-black lagoon angiomas.

When talking about spider angioma, it resembles a spider which means small red dots surrounded by thin capillaries. And it might affect pregnant women and children.

Additionally, if there is a sudden onset of angioma, then it might be a clear sign of liver damage. Hence, additional tests and imaging tests should be performed immediately.

Treatment For Cherry Angioma

Treatment For Cherry Angioma

Generally, cherry angiomas don’t require treatment. However, if you want them to get removed from your skin, there are a few common procedures for that. These includes:

Electrocauterization

In this process, with the application of electric current, these moles are burned down. However, this may cause permanent scars.

Cryosurgery

This procedure is quick and relatively easy to treat cherry angioma. In this process, the infected tissue growth freeze.

Doctors usually spray or swab liquid nitrogen on the infected area for only 10 seconds. And the extreme cold would destroy it. In addition, this treatment also uses for other skin issues such as warts and actinic keratosis.

Laser Surgery

Cherry Angioma tissues could be surgically removed with the use of Pulsed dye laser or intense pulsed light. In this laser surgery, a concentrated ray passes through the skin, and the blood vessels in the angioma absorb the ray. 

However, after treatment, some bruises may occur or the angioma spot which is maybe grey or darker in color.  However, it would fade over the next two to four weeks.

Note: For best results and minimal side effects, try to avoid sunlight for about 4 weeks before the laser treatment and up to 2 weeks after laser treatment.

Shave Excision

Generally, this method involves cutting and shaving the mole out of the skin. Doctors usually apply a numb injection (anesthetic) to reduce pain in the infected area.

However, shave excision is an alternative to invasive surgery.  The result of excision may lead to scars that are clearly visible and harsh than any other above listed treatment.

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Summary

Cherry Angioma is a bright red or purple spot that is smooth or slightly enlarged to the skin surface with an approximate diameter of 0.5 cm. They most often grow on the torso, arms, and shoulders.

However, the exact cause of the occurrence is unknown. But the theories show that it is due to cell aging, genetic, hormones changes, chemical exposure, and environmental factors. And only through diagnosis, a dermatologist can specify whether you have cherry angioma or not.

Generally, angiomas don’t require treatment but there are four ways to remove angiomas. These are electric needle (electrocauterization), freezing (cryosurgery), laser treatment, and shaving excision.

General FAQ

What happens if you scratch a cherry angioma?

Ans. When you scratched it, it starts bleeding that could cause a scar. Meanwhile, you may feel serve inflammation and mild pain.

Whom should I consult to treat cherry angioma?

Ans. You must consult a dermatologist to treat cherry angioma. They are special skin doctors and you can call them specialists for skin conditions and diseases.

Are cherry angiomas common?

Ans. Yes, cherry angiomas are common. And as per dermatology stats, 50% of adults have cherry angioma on their skin.

What is the treatment available for cherry angioma?

Ans. Generally, cherry angioma doesn’t require treatment. But if you want to remove them, you can talk to your doctor for surgical removal of angiomas.

What are Campbell de Morgan spots?

Ans. Actually, Campbell de Morgan spots is another name for cherry angiomas. 

What causes angiomas?

Ans. No one better knows what causes angiomas. Besides aging, there may be due to genes, pregnancy, exposure to chemicals, and climate change. 

How do I know if I have cherry angiomas?

Ans. You can self-diagnosis yourself as bright red or purple enlarged spots that are 0.5 cm in diameter. However, if you notice a change in the way angioma looks, then seek an appointment with your dermatologist because it could be cancerous.

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